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Index of flora
Index of fauna
Kingdom Animale | Phylum Arthropoda | Subphylum Crustacea | Class Malacostrata
Sesarmine Crabs
Family Grapsidae

Order Decapoda

Crabs of this subfamily are the most common crabs in mangroves and muddy areas throughout the world. They are ecologically important, being one of the key consumers of mangrove leaves which usually do not decompose easily.

All sesarmines have a reticulate (net-like) pattern on the sides of the shell (next to the rnouthparts) which help to recirculate the water in the gill chamber so that they can breathe atmospheric oxygen. Two common genera are Episesarma and Chiromantes. (Body widths vary from 1-6cm).
Photo by Tan Bee Hong

Photo by Tan Bee Hong
Shore environment
From A Guide to Seashore Life by Dr Leo W H Tan and Peter K L Ng
Published by the Singapore Science Centre and sponsored by BP

@Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research and Singapore Science Centre