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Index of flora
Index of fauna
Kingdom Animale | Phylum Porifera

Most sponges are marine and have skeletons of chalk, glass or a horny material called spongin.

Some species should be handled with care as they have siliceous spicules. Some have been reported to cause dermatitis and skin irritations because of the chemicals in their tissues, but are not strictly poisonous.

The natural bath sponge of commerce (Euspongia) is not found in local waters.

A variety of sponges is depicted here.



Photo by Tan Bee Hong
Yellow Ball Sponge

Neptune's Cup (Petrosia)

Branching Sponge

Blue Sponge
Shore environment
From A Guide to Seashore Life by Dr Leo W H Tan and Peter K L Ng
Published by the Singapore Science Centre and sponsored by BP

@Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research and Singapore Science Centre