Mangroves of Singapore
Mandai mangroves and mudflats,
Western Johor Straits, Singapore



  • "When a mangrove tree falls over." Otterman speaks, 12 Aug 2004.
  • "Visitors to Mandai." Otterman speaks, 7 Aug 2004.
  • 'One of my favourite Sonneratia trees in Mandai mangroves." Otterman speaks, 2 Aug 2004.
  • "Flagged waders." Jacqueline Lau, 4 Sep 2003.
  • "First visit to Mandai mangroves." Ng Hua Qin, 29 Jun 2003.
  • "Crab-catching at Sungei Mandai Kechil mangroves." Wong Yueat Tin, 27 Jun 2002.


  • "Once Upon a Tree" (TV12 Series): Features Mandai mangroves and mudflats, 12 March 2008
  • "Nature at Our Doorstep" (TV12 Series): Features Mandai mangroves, 14 August 2003. Rebroadcast on Suria in March 2008.
  • Fossil ferns found in Western Johor Straits,4 March 2003
  • "Sungei Mandai was zoned as Reserve in the 1998 Master Plan and this remains for the current Master Plan." MND/ENV response in Forum page, The Straits Times, 10 May 2003. (Hosted by EcologyAsia).
  • "In the case of Sungei Buloh, this is particularly critical as there is evidence showing a linkage between the area and the adjacent mudflats at Kranji Estuary and Sungei Mandai, in terms of the tidal influence on the feeding and roosting patterns of wading birds." Ho Hua Chew (Nature Society (Singapore)) in a congratulatory letter to the Straits Times in response to the announcement of the legislation of two new areas as nature reserves in Singapore. The Straits Times, 26 Nov 2001.
  • Conserving Singapore's Biodiversity. Lim Kin Seng, Nature Watch, 8(2), Apr-Jun, 2000. Map of Singapore's nature areas.


  • Drainage system of the Mandai Besar/Mandai Kechil mangroves, 1989 (see map below). A guide to the mangroves of Singapore, 1999.
  • Woodlands Towns Garden: Sg Mandai Kechil runs through it.
  • Special news from Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve, 1998-2003
  • Mandai mangroves, in IUCN, 1989. A directory of Asian Wetlands. Webpage by ASEAN Regional Centre for Biodiversity Conservation (ARCBC).


  • Mangroves of Singapore: Galleries
  • 6th International Coastal Cleanup Singapore: Sungeei Mandai Kechil mangroves, 20 Sep 1997.



Where is Mandai mangroves? (Click on the map to find out)