Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Vertebrates: Birds
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
  Local breeders in mangroves

A number of bird species live and breed locally, and they can be observed at all times of the year.

collared kingfisher perched Collared kingfisher
Todirhamphus chloris
Family Dacelonidae
24 cm

The Collared kingfisher resides all year round in coastal parks and gardens.
Its loud and harsh laughing call is one of the more distinctive sounds in the mangroves. It feeds on fish, lizards, frogs, crabs and insects.

sunda woodpecker on a tree Sunda woodpecker
Dendrocopus moluccensis
Family Picidae
13 cm

The small Sunda woodpecker can be seen creeping along the branches of mangrove trees.
It feeds on insects in the wood, and reaches these by boring holes with its powerful bill. The pecking action is so rapid that it comes across as a continuous drumming sound.

pacific swallow perching Pacific swallow
Hirundo tahitica
Family Hirundinidae
14 cm
Over the mudflats, the Pacific swallow can often be seen hawking for insects, and perching on wooden stakes in between flights.

brahminy kite in flight Brahminy kite
Haliastur indus
Family Accipitridae
45 cm
Often seen patrolling the mudflats, the Brahminy kite, is a reddish-brown bird-of-prey recognised by its distinctive white head and breast. It feeds on fish and other small animals, as well as carrion.

little tern in flight Little tern
Sterna albifrons
Family Laridae
25 cm
Various species of terns also fly over mudflats in search of fish. The Little tern is a common example.

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What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre