Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Vertebrates: Birds
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Family Ardeidae

Herons have long legs and long beaks, and they usually frequent the water's edge in search of fish and frogs.

striated heron in water, feeding
Striated heron
Butorides striatus
The relatively small and short-necked Striated heron, Butorides striatus (46 cm) and the larger, long-necked Purple heron, Ardea purpurea (97 cm) are common resident species.

They are often solitary and occur on mudflats, as well as along canals and reservoir edges.
purple heron at water's edge
Purple heron
Ardea purpurea
In Sungei Buloh Nature Park, at the right time of the year, you can easily see Purple and Grey herons (Ardea cinerea) flying in to nest or feed chicks in a treetop heronry.
black crowned night heron perched on root
night heron
Nycticorax nycticorax
The Black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax (61 cm) on the other hand, is gregarious and largely nocturnal. It nests in colonies in mangrove trees and flies out at dusk to the mudflats or reservoir edge to hunt.
little egret at water's edge
Little egret
Egretta garzetta

The Little egret, Egretta garzetta (61 cm) is a migratory species that is seen mainly towards the end or beginning of the year.

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What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre