Of the reptiles found
in Singapore mangroves, snakes tend to attract attention as most people
seem to have an inherent fear of them.
It is easily observed
in mangrove streams and prawn ponds at night when it emerges from hiding
to hunt for fish. Being largely aquatic, its eyes are situated on the top
of the head such that it is able to see above the water with the rest of
the body submerged. Although it has venomous fangs in the rear of the head,
the poison is mild and has not caused death.
to 100 cm
The Dog-faced water snake seems to be the most abundant.
is most easily seen when
hunting in sandy estuaries
Also nocturnal in habits,
it occurs in mangrove streams as well as in open water out on the mudflats.
This snake is not venomous. Although its colour pattern resembles that of
the highly venomous true sea snakes (Familyc Hydrophiidae), its tail is
tapered and not flattened into an oar-shape.
to over 100 cm
Another aquatic piscivore, the File snake is covered in baggy, rough
skin, and strikingly banded black-and-white.
It has a nasty temperament,
but tends to be secretive. It is nocturnal and feeds largely on birds and
to about 100 cm
The venomous Shore pit-viper lives in trees and shrubs.
to other mangrove vertebrates