Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Vertebrates: Fish
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Family Gobiidae

Among the fishes, the family Gobiidae are the most diverse and are often very abundant. About 90 species are present in Singapore, over 40 of these are found in mangroves. Gobies are often recognised by their cylindrical bodies, two dorsal fins, pectoral fins with broad base and rounded heads. Many species also have their pelvic fins united to form a disc.

close-up of grey knight goby
Grey knight goby
Stigmatogobius sadanundio
up to 8 cm
The Grey knight goby has a long first dorsal fin and black spots on the side of the body.

close-up of javanese fatnose goby Javanese fatnose goby
Pseudogobius javanicus
up to 4.5 cm

close-up of common mullet goby Common mullet goby
Hemigobius hoevenii
up to 6 cm
The Javanese fatnose goby and the Common mullet goby appear to be the most abundant species in the mangrove.

close-up of blue-eyed goby Blue-eyed goby
Hemigobius melanurus
up to 7 cm
In leaf-filled pools, the Blue-eyed mullet goby may be seen hovering in midwater. It rushes for cover when approached.

close-up of glass goby Glass goby
Gobiopetrus birtwistlei
up to over 2 cm
The tiny Glass goby with its almost transparent body and large mouth, occurs in tidal streams and pools.

close-up of bumble bee goby Bumblebee goby
Brachygobius kabillensis
up to 2 cm
Also found in pools, the similar-sized Bumblebee goby is distinctively banded brown and yellow like its insect namesake.

close-up of mangrove flathead gudgeon Mangrove flathead gudgeon
Butis butis
up to 14 cm
The conical snout and underslung lower jaw suggests the predatory nature of the Mangrove flathead gudgeon. It conceals itself by lying still against mangrove roots and other similarly-coloured surfaces, and ambushes unsuspecting prey that wander too close.

Snakehead gudgeon
Ophiocara porocephala
up to 32 cm
The Snakehead gudgeon is a large predatory species that is common in mangroves.

<<Back to fishes
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre