Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Molluscs (Mollusca)
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
  Molluscs, or soft-bodied animals, are a conspicuous group in Singapore. It is a collective name for familiar animals such as chitons, tusk shells, snails, slugs, mussels, clams, squids and octopuses.

Class Bivalva

Class Bivalva
More than 100 species of molluscs are now known from Singapore mangroves, the majority being snails and slugs (Class Gastropoda) and cockles, mussels and oysters (Class Bivalvia).

Class Gastropoda

Class Gastropoda

Many of them are well-adapted to living out of water for extended periods, and are remarkably tolerant of salinity fluctuations, dessication and lack of oxygen compared to their relatives living in other coastal habitats.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre