Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)

These are invertebrates with segmented legs, and are undoubtedly the most common group of animals in the mangrove. All have a chitinous exoskeleton and their foregut and hindgut are also chitin-lined. There are more arthropod species than all other animals put together. In mangroves, three subphyla are especially common—the crustaceans, chelicerates and insects. All are relatively poorly studied, and opportunities for scientific discovery abound!

Spiders, mites, ticks and horseshoe crabs

Unlike crustaceans and insects, chelicerates (spiders, mites, ticks and horseshoe crabs) do not have chewing but sucking mouthparts instead. Unlike them, chelicerates also do not have any feelers.

They are very diverse in body form, with most being terrestrial and a few aquatic. Most breathe with structures known as "book lungs".
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre