Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Excoecaria fruitfly
Elleipsa quadrifasciata
Family Tephritidae

Adult wing size:
5 mm

The larva bores into and feeds on the berry-like fruit of Excoecaria agallocha, and drops to the ground to pupate.

The larva demonstrates the family characteristic of jumping by folding its body and holding it to its head with hooks, which then suddenly releases.

There are several dissimilar but competing species.

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close-up of larvae on fruits
White larvae on
Excoecaria fruits

close-up of adult
Adult fly
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre