Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Avicennia leaf beetles
Monolepta spp.
Family Chrysomelidae

Adult size:
6 mm

Unlike Wallace's leaf beetle, these beetles appear to feed exclusively on leaves of Avicennia, causing a similar kind of damage—circular graze patches.
close-up of adult
Monolepta sp.

close-up of damaged leaves
Aggregates of circular damage
on Avicennia alba leaves
Major outbreaks can occur during which young leaves may be totally destroyed and beetles will feed on older leaves.

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close-up of adult
Monolepta sp.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre