Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Leaf miner moth
Phyllocnistis spp.
Family Phyllocnistidae

Adult wingspan:
6 mm

This is a group of mainly host-specific and similar looking species, including many undescribed species. A familiar species is P. citrella, a major pest of citrus plants, causing leaf curls.

The larva makes characteristic silvery mines, usually on the upper surface of the leaf, eventually ending at the margin of the leaf which it folds over itself to pupate.

<<Back to insects
close-up of pinned adult
Adult, pinned specimen
dorsal view

close-up of leaf mines
Leaf mines on A. alba
with point of entry (arrowed)
where egg was laid and the folded
leaf margin indicates the pupation point
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre