Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Springtails (Collembola)
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Marine springtail
Pseudanurida billitonensis
Family Neanuridae

2 mm

Resembling tiny, moving black specks on the ground, they are low tide feeders.

A gland on its head is suspected to contain a venom, for springtails have been seen mobbing worms which then die suddenly. When the tide washes in, they usually congregate in underwater shelters. Their water-repellent bodies allow them to walk on water if need be.

close-up of springtails
Springtails mobbing prey

magnified close-up of adults
Detail of adults
Their "tails" (furcula) can be bent under their bodies, and held there with a catch (tenaculum). Upon release, the elastic tail whips against the ground, catapulting the animal into the air!

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What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre