Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Stinging Animals (Cnidarians)
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Mangrove anemones
up to 5 cm in diameter

Sea anemones are common in mangroves, especially in areas with calmer waters. The stinging cells at the tip of the tentacles paralyse small animals which it consumes whole.

The Giant mangrove anemone (Anthenopleura africana, Family Actinidae) is the largest, with its body buried deep in the mud, while smaller species are often anchored on buried wood or rocks.

<<Back to aquatic invertebrates
close-up of anemone with tentacles extended
Tentacles are extended
for feeding when immersed
by the tide

close-up of anemones with tentacles withdrawn
With tentacles withdrawn
at low tide, the anemones
look like black, jellyfish globules
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre