Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
  Berry, A. J., 1963. Faunal zonation in mangrove swamps. Bulletin of the National Museum of Singapore, 32: 90-98.

Berry, A. J., 1972. The natural history of West Malaysian mangrove faunas. Malayan Nature Journal, 25: 135-162.

Burkill, I. H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Vols. 1 and 11. Governments of Malaysia and Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, 2444 pp.

Chou, L. M. & P. K. L. Ng [eds.], 1990. Essays in Zoology. Papers Commemorating the 40th Anniversary of the Department of Zoology, National University of Singapore, Singapore. viii+476 pp. (several relevant papers on mangroves)

Chuang, S. H., 1961. On Malayan Shores. Muwu Shosa, Singapore, 226 pp, 112 pls.

Chuang, S.H. (ed.), 1973. Animal life and nature in Singapore. Singapore University Press, Singapore, 302 pp. (several relevant papers on mangroves)

Engel, J.J. & R.M. Schuster, 1973. On some tidal zone Hepaticae from South Chile, with comments on marine dispersal. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 100: 29-35.

Hutchings, P. & P. Saenger, 1987. Ecology of Mangroves. University of Queensland Press, Queensland, 388 pp.

Johnson, A., 1979. The algae of Singapore mangrove. In: Symposium on Mangrove & Estuarine Veqetation in Southeast Asia, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Biotrop Special Publication No. 10. pp. 45-49.

Jones D.A., 1984. Crabs of the mangrove ecosystem. In: Por, F.D. & I. Dor (Eds.), Hydrobiology of the Mangal. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, pp. 89-110.

Koh, J., 1989. A guide to common Singapore spiders. Singapore Science Centre. 160 pp.

Koh, J., 1991. Spiders of the family Araneidae in Singapore mangroves. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 39(l):169-182.

Lee S.K., W.H. Tan & S. Havanond, 1996. Regeneration and colonisation of mangroves on clay-filled reclaimed land in Singapore. Hydrobiologia, 319: 23-35.

Lim, K.K.P. & J.K.Y. Low, 1998. A guide to common marine fishes of Singapore. Singapore Science Centre. 163 pp.

Lim, K.S. & D. Gardner, 1997. Birds. An Illustrated Field Guide to the Birds of Singapore. Sun Tree Publishing limited. xi + 226 pp., 40 colour pls.

Lim, S.S.L., P.K.L. Ng, L.W.H. Tan & Y.C. Wee, 1994. Rhythm of the Sea. Life and Times of Labrador Beach. National Institute of Education and National University of Singapore, 160 pp.

Macnae, W., 1968. A general account of the flora and fauna of mangrove swamps and forests in the Indo-West Pacific region. Advances in Marine Biology, 6: 73-270.

Medway, L., 1983. The Wild Mammals of Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia) and Singapore. Second edition reprinted with corrections. Oxford Univ. Press, Kunia Lumpur, 131pp.

Murphy, D. H., 1990. The natural history of insect herbivory on mangrove trees in and near Singapore. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 38(2): 119-203.

Ng, P.K.L. & Y.C. Wee (Eds.), 1994. The Singapore Red Data Book. Threatened Plants and Animals of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore), Singapore, 343 pp.

Por, F.D., 1984. Editor's note on tides and water levels in the mangal. In Por, F.D. & 1. Dor (Eds.), Hydrobiology of the Mangal. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 25-26

Sasekumar, A., 1974. Distribution of macrofauna on a Malayan mangrove shore. Journal of Animal Ecology, 43: 51-69.

Tan, L.W.H. & P.K.L. Ng, 1988, A guide to seashore life. Singapore Science Centre, Singapore. 160 pp.

Tan, H.T.W. (ed.), 1995. A guide to the threatened plants of Singapore. Singapore Science Centre, Singapore. 158 pp.

Tan, H.T.W., M.F. Choong, K.S. Chua, A.H.B. Loo, Haji Samsuri Bin Haji Ahmad, E. E. L. Seah, 1. M. Turner & J. W. H. Yong. 1998. A botanical survey of Sungei Buloh Nature Park. Gardens' Bulletin, Singapore, 49: 15-35.

Tanaka, J. & M. Chihara, 1988. Macroalgae in Indonesian mangrove forests. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Series 8, 14: 93-106.

Tanokuchi, Y, 1989. Some Pselaphidae inhibiting the mangrove forests of Singapore and Thailand, with descriptions of a new genus and eight new species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 37(1&2): 87-115.

Teo, L.W. & Y.C. Wee, 1983. Seaweeds of Singapore. Singapore University Press, Singapore, 129 pp.

Tomlinson, P.B., 1986. The Botany of Mangroves. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 412 pp.

Watson, J.G., 1928. Mangrove forest of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Records, 6: 1-275.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre