Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Flowering plants
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Nyireh batu
Xylocarpus moluccensis
Family Meliaceae

India, lndochina and Thailand to Australia. Locally at few northern sites. Trees to 6-10 m tall with small buttresses and many pointed pneumatophores; bark dark grey, fissured; leaves pinnate, leaflets dark green with pointed tips; capsule woody, orange-sized.

Found in mangrove swamps, most commonly in the upper reaches of tidal rivers. Usage similar to X. granatum. Endangered. Most of the trees are at Pulau Tekong.
close-up of bark

close-up of branch

See also
Nyireh bunga Xylocarpus granatum
Plank roots and pneumatophores as an adaptation to the mangroves.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre