East Africa to
Southeast Asia, Tonga. Locally at many sites. Trees 3-8 m tall; buttresses
long and snaking laterally; bark light brown, yellowish or greenish,
smooth, flaking off.
Xylocarpus granatum tree
Fruits in various views
showing seeds within
showing the snake-like
pinnate, leaflets bright light green when young, dark green when old,
narrowly drop-shaped, with rounded tips.
Flowers fragrant, with white petals, about 8 mm across; capsule woody,
grapefruit- to small pomelo-sized. Mainly in mangroves, usually estuarine
and often associated with Nypa and Sonneratia.
in boat-building, furniture wood and firewood. Bark used for tanning.
Used on cloth, the bark dyes an umber colour. Root used as a remedy
against cholera and dysentery in folklore. Rare. Many trees are found
at the northern coast of Pulau Tekong.
This species is distinguished from X. moluccensis
by its brown, yellowish or greenish, smooth and flaking bark (vs.
dark grey, non-flaking fissured bark), leaflets' rounded tips (vs.
pointed tips) and grapefruit- to small pomelo-sized fruit (vs. orange-sized).
Nyireh batu Xylocarpus moluccensis
Plank roots as an adaptation to the mangroves.