Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Flowering plants
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Sonneratia ovata
Family Sonneratiaceae

Southeast Asia to New Guinea. In Singapore only a few trees at the hot springs (Kampong Unum) of Pulau Tekong. Similar to S. alba except that it tends to be a shorter tree with shiny, dark green leaves which are slightly bulging and flowers have no petals. Landward-side of mangroves. The fruit is eaten so the tree is often cultivated in Malay villages. Endangered. Trees at Kampong Melayu (Pulau Ubin) and Kampong Mandai Kechil have died or been destroyed with development.
close-up of fruits on a branch
Fruiting branch

close-up of white flower bud
Flower bud

For a comparison of the fruit forms of the different Sonneratia species.
See also ultrafiltration of salt and pneumatophores as adaptations to the mangroves.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre