Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Flowering plants
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea
Family Rubiaceae

Southern India to New Caledonia. Locally at many sites. A shrub up to about 3 m tall; leaves opposite, blade broadly drop-shaped; terminal bud and young leaves coated in a varnish-like substance. Flowers occur in dense clusters at the leaf angles, with 4 white lobes tinged pink.
wide shot of whole bush
Habit of Scyphiphora

branch of leaves, flower and fruit
Flowering and
fruiting branch
branch showing shiny leaves
Branch, showing reddish
petioles and stem
Fruits broadly elliptic, deeply ridged lengthwise, light brown when ripe, buoyant. Found in mangrove forest or sandy beaches. Its dark brown wood is very hard and useful for making small objects. A warm extract of the leaves is supposedly helpful for stomach-aches. Rare.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre