Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Flowering plants
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Rhizophora stylosa
Family Rhizophoraceae

Taiwan, Southeast Asia to New Guinea, Melanesia, Australia. Locally at various sites. Small tree up to 8 m tall; leaves opposite, blade oblong-elliptic, stalk and stipules often yellowish; flowers 2-14 in a forking inflorescence on a long, slender, yellow stalk; seed viviparous, seedling hypocotyl up to about 60 cm, warty, with pointed tip. Mainly along sandy shores, obviously better at resisting the surf than the other species. Uses unknown. Vulnerable. A large population is found at the Serapong Golf Course lagoon, Sentosa.
close-up of branch with seedlings and flowers
Flowering and
fruiting branches

close-up of stipule
Branch tip showing
detaching stipules
magnified close-up of flower
Differs from R. apiculata in possessing long, slender, yellow inflorescence stalks (vs. short, stout, dark grey) and from R. mucronata by the 4-6 mm long style in the flower (vs. 0-1.5 mm).

See also ultrafiltration of salt, vivipary and prop roots as adaptations to the mangroves.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre