Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Flowering plants
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Teruntum merah
Lumnitzera littorea
Family Combretaceae

East coast of Africa to Southeast Asia, Australia and Polynesia. In various northern sites locally. Small trees with buttresses to about 8 m tall

Bark dark brown, fissured; leaves alternate, almost stalkless, dark green, narrowly drop-shaped; bright red flowers in leaf angles. Found mostly at the back-mangrove, sometimes gregarious, and also above the tide level.
close-up of flowering branch
Flowering branches

close-up of flowers

close-up of fruits
close-up of bark
Used as firewood, timber, for building bridges, wharves, flooring. Leaves used as a remedy for sprue. Has ornamental potential due to its red flowers. Rare.

See also
Teruntum bunga puteh Lumnitzera racemosa
Ultrafiltration of salt and knee roots as adaptations to the mangroves.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre