Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Flowering plants
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Pisang pisang
Kandelia candel
Family Rhizophoraceae

Southeast Asia. In Singapore, only one treelet found at Sungei Tampines. Small tree up to 7 m tall; buttresses and pneumatophores absent.

Leaves opposite, blades shiny, mid-green, narrowly oblong, elliptic or drop-shaped-oblong, stipules flattened but slightly twisted at the branch tips.
wide shot of tree
Kandelia candel treelet

close-up of flowering branch
Flowering branch

close-up of flowers
close up of seedling hypocotyl
Flowers whitish, with numerous stamens; seed viviparous, seedling hypocotyl narrowly cylindrical or club-shaped, up to 40 cm long at maturity, capped by the persistent sepals whose tips bend backwards to the fruit stalk.
Occupies a narrow niche in the mangrove forest; occuring in the back mangrove communities or on the banks of tidal rivers farther inland. Use as firewood, making enclosures and stakes and source of tannin. Endangered.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre