Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Flowering plants
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Ceriops tagal
Family Rhizophoraceae

Eastern Africa to Southeast Asia, Australia, Melanesia. Locally present in northern sites.

Shrub or rarely tree, to 7 m tall; shortly buttressed; bark light grey, fairly smooth; twig tips flat, formed from the stipules.
wide shot of tree
Ceriops tagal tree

Fruiting branch
close-up of flowers
Leaves opposite, blades dark green in shade, shiny, bright greenish yellow in full sun,upside down egg-shaped, oblong to elliptic, tip rounded or notched, stipules flattened at branched tips.
Seed germinating in fruit, hypocotyl narrowly club-shaped, sharply angular. Grows on well-drained soil, within the reach of occasional tides in the inner mangrove. In Singapore, this species does not grow very well from its rarity and small size (15 m tall elsewhere).

The trunk for house building. One of the best firewood sources and the bark is excellent for tanning. The fruit is sometimes eaten. Rare.

See also vivipary and knee roots as adaptations to the mangroves.
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre