Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Flowering plants
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
  Sonneratia fruits
Comparison of the fruits of different Sonneratia species

close-up of S. alba fruit
Sonneratia alba
close-up of S. caseolaris fruit
Sonneratia caseolaris
close-up of S. ovata
Sonneratia ovata
The calyx is reflected backwards from the protruding style and towards the stalk
The fruit has a perpendicular style, its condition intermediate to that of the calyxes of
S. alba and S. ovata
The calyx grips the fruit, away from the stalk and towards the protruding style
Sonneratia alba
fact sheet
Sonneratia ovata
fact sheet
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre