CONTENTS
Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
The Ecosystem: Abiotic components
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
 
Winds and currents

Singapore's climate can be divided into four 'seasons' by the monsoons. The Northeast monsoon (Dec-Mar) is characterised by strong winds and heavy rainfall particularly during the first two months.

The first intermonsoon period (Apr) has little wind.
Mangrove Ecosystem
Abiotic components
Soil
pH
Oxygen
Nutrients
Winds and currents
Light, temperature, humidity
Tides
Salinity

Biotic components
Vegetation
Zonation
The Southwest monsoon (May-Sep) has two origins, and heavy rainfall coincides with the convergence zone, but rarely over Singapore, making this usually the driest period of the year. The second intermonsoon (Oct-Nov) is much like the first, but some late 'Sumatras' (from the Southwest monsoon) may bring heavy rain.

Sea currents are generated mainly by the monsoon winds, and follow their lead.
What is mangrove?
Introduction

The Ecosystem

Abiotic
Biotic

Value
Intro
Products
Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

History
Mangroves to visit
Conservation
 
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre