Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
Interesting mangrove locations
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
panoramic view of estuaryThe Sungei Punggol mangrove estuary provides a scenic view from the Punggol bridge at the 11km point of the Tampines Expressway (TPE).
Other interesting
mangrove locations

Mandai Besar/Kechil
Lim Chu Kang
Sungei Pandan
Upper reaches of this river lead to the Woodbridge area, which got its name from a long wooden bridge which extended over a mangrove estuary, purportedly north of Jalan Woodbridge.

view of canalThe tidal-influenced canal next to Jalan Woodbridge, off Yio Chu Kang Road, eventually drains into Sungei Punggol in the north. Algal-lined canals like this are an indication of mangrove downstream. The silt on the left is indicative of construction work upstream.

close-up of hotspringThis little known boardwalk leads to a hotspring in the north coast mangrove of Pulau Tekong, which is surrounded by a mainly Lumnitzera racemosa forest. Pulau Tekong has an extensive area of what is probably the best mangroves in Singapore. Presently, a military training area, it is off limits to the general public.

panoramic view of canalA wide canal between the old southern coast (left) of Pulau Tekong and the newly reclaimed (1987) land. The sheltered and tidal conditions suitable for accumulation of silt have resulted in the subsequent colonisation by mangrove plants and animals.

fisherman on the waterA fisherman prepares his cast nest in Pulau Ubin mangroves, probably the only site of still functioning prawn ponds in Singapore.

What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre