Flora index
Fauna index
guide to the mangroves of singapore
PREFACE to the guidebook
Peter K L Ng and N Sivasothi (editors)
Mangrove swamps owe their treacherous reputation to exaggerated tales of a muddy floor that sucks you in, a stench of rotten eggs, hordes of mosquitoes bearing deadly malaria, poisonous snakes hanging from trees and of course, man-eating crocodiles and tigers.

In actual fact, it is quite a harmless place, especially in Singapore!
skyline of singapore river with business district
Singapore River today.
It was formerly a mangrove estuary

Marvel instead at the strange roots which push through mud to breathe or grow downwards from tree-trunks to provide support, seeds which germinate even before leaving the parent tree, a fish so comfortable on land it evades the sea, crabs which dance and wave, a moth which 'watches' for the rising tide and a lobster which helps to reclaim from the sea!

From a coastline almost entirely covered with mangroves, Singapore now contains only a few scattered patches of mangrove. Yet the little that remains has revealed many surprising discoveries, and its survival is one of the premier challenges facing conservationists today. With the help of these guidebooks, we hope that you too will come to cherish this habitat, and share our wonder of its many inhabitants.

Happy reading!
What is mangrove?

The Ecosystem


Indirect uses
Potential uses

About Mangroves
in Singapore

Mangroves to visit
From "A Guide to Mangroves of Singapore", Peter K. L. Ng and N. Sivasothi (editors)
Volume 1: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Animal Diversity
Authors: Kelvin K. P. Lim, Dennis H. Murphy, T. Morgany, N. Sivasothi, Peter K. L. Ng,
B. C. Soong, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. S. Tan & T. K. Tan
BP Guide to Nature Series published by the Singapore Science Centre, sponsored by British Petroleum
2001 Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, The National University of Singapore & The Singapore Science Centre